Current Position: Home > News >Nisin as a natural food additive

Nisin as a natural food additive


Nisin is a natural antimicrobial peptide that is used as a food preservative.It is produced by certain strains of the bacterium Lactococcus lactis.

Nisin exhibits antimicrobial activity, particularly against Gram-positive bacteria.It is effective against a range of bacteria, including some pathogens and spoilage microorganisms.

The primary function of nisin in food is to inhibit the growth of bacteria, thereby extending the shelf life of the product.It is commonly used in processed foods, dairy products, canned goods, and meat products.

Nisin disrupts the bacterial cell membrane, leading to cell death.  This mode of action is specific to certain types of bacteria, making it selective in its antimicrobial activity.

Nisin is considered a natural food additive because it is derived from the fermentation of bacteria.  Its natural origin contributes to its acceptance in clean-label products, which are those that contain natural, recognizable ingredients.

Nisin is generally recognized as safe (GRAS) for use in food by regulatory agencies such as the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA).It has a long history of safe use.

Nisin remains stable at high temperatures, making it suitable for use in heat-processed foods.  This characteristic is advantageous for preserving the quality and safety of thermally processed products.

Nisin can be used in combination with other antimicrobial agents to enhance its effectiveness.  This synergistic approach is often employed to broaden the spectrum of microbial control.

In addition to preventing the growth of pathogens, nisin helps minimize spoilage by controlling lactic acid bacteria and other microorganisms that can affect the quality of food products.

When used in food products, nisin may be listed on ingredient labels as "nisin" or "nisin preparation."

Nisin is commonly used in various food products, including processed cheese, dairy desserts, canned vegetables, meat products, and bakery items.

Food manufacturers to adhere to approved usage levels and regulations when incorporating nisin into their products.The use of nisin contributes to food safety and allows for the production of foods with an extended shelf life, reducing the risk of microbial contamination.